AdvertisingCategory: Objective Test
60-minute test administered during the NLC.
Objective Test Competencies: Personal Selling and Sales Promotion; Traditional and Alternative Advertising Media; Consumer Behavior; Basic Marketing Functions; Branding and Positioning; Economy; Advertising Plan; Legal and Ethical Issues; Diversity and Multicultural Market; Public Relations; Creation of the Advertisement; Consumer-Oriented Advertising; Financial Planning; Communication; Consumer Purchase Classifications; Target Market; Market Segmentation; Product Development; Product Life Cycle; Price Planning; Channels of Distribution; Marketing Research; Effective Advertising and Promotional Messages; Budget; Financing Advertising Campaigns; Demographics; History and Influences; Advertising Industry and Careers; Supply Chain Management; Distribution Logistics; Internet; Self-Regulation; Careers; Advertising Workplace; Leadership, Career Development, and Team Building; Risk Management
Objective Test Guidelines
- No materials may be brought to the testing site.
- Electronic devices must be turned off and out of sight.
- No calculators may be brought into the testing site; calculators will be provided.
- Bring a writing instrument.
The general event guidelines below are applicable to all national competitive events. Please review and follow these guidelines when competing at the national level. When competing at the state level, check the state guidelines since they may differ.
- Dues: Competitors must have paid FBLA national and state dues by 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on March 1 of the current school year.
- NLC Registration: Participants must be registered for the NLC and pay the national conference registration fee in order to participate in competitive events.
- Deadlines: The state chair, or designee, must register each state competitor on the official online entry forms by 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on the second Friday in May.
- Each state may submit four (4) entries in all events except LifeSmarts, Virtual Business Finance Challenge, and Virtual Business Management Challenge.
- Each competitor can only compete in one (1) individual/ team event and one (1) chapter event.
- Each competitor must compete in all parts of an event for award eligibility.
Competitors are not permitted to compete in an event more than once at the NLC unless one of the following circumstances applies:
- Modified Events: A competitor may compete in the same event when the event is modified. Note, if the only modification is a name change, competitors may not compete in the renamed event.
- Team Events: One (1) competitor of the team may have competed in the same event at one (1) previous NLC; however, they may not compete more than twice in the event at the national level.
- Chapter Events: Competitors may compete in a chapter event more than once (American Enterprise Project, Community Service Project, and Partnership with Business Project).
- Individual Entry: A competitor who competed as an individual entry in a team event at the national level may compete in the same event a second time as part of a team, but not a second time as an individual.
- Parliamentary Procedure: Two (2) competitors of the team may have competed in this event at a previous NLC; however, they may not compete more than twice at the national level.
- Pilot Event: Competition in a pilot event does not disqualify a competitor from competing in the same event if it becomes an official competitive event. The participant may compete in another event as well as a pilot event.
- Objective Tests: Ties are broken by comparing the correct number of answers to the last 10 questions on the exam. If a tie remains, the competitor who completed the test in a shorter amount of time will place higher. If this does not break the tie, answers to the last 20 questions will be reviewed and determine the winner.
- Objective and Production Tests: The production test scores will be used to break a tie.
- Objective Tests and Performances: The objective test score will be used to break a tie based on the tie-breaking criteria of objective tests.
- Reports/Projects and Performances: The report/project scores will be used to break a tie.
- Performances: Judges must break ties and all judges’ decisions are final.
- State chair/adviser must register all competitors for NLC competitive events online by 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on the second Friday in May.
- All prejudged components (reports, websites, projects, statement of assurance) must be received by 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on the second Friday in May.
- All prejudged projects and reports must be submitted electronically.
- All Statements of Assurance must be submitted online.
- All production tests must be received at FBLA-PBL by 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on the third Friday in May.
- All production tests must be uploaded online.
- State chair/adviser may make name changes only (no additional entries) by 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on the first Friday in June. Competitor drops are the only changes allowed after this date and onsite.
The number of competitors will determine the number of winners. The maximum number of winners for each competitive event is 10. Only one (1) award is given to the schools competing in chapter events (American Enterprise Project, Community Service Project, Local Chapter Annual Business Report, and Partnership with Business Project).
Certain events may allow the use of additional materials. Please refer to event guidelines.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
FBLA‑PBL meets the criteria specified in the Americans with Disabilities Act for all participants who submit a special needs form.
Recording of Presentations
No unauthorized audio or video recording devices will be allowed in any competitive event. Participants in the performance events should be aware the national association reserves the right to record any performance for use in study or training materials.
Sample Practice Materials
2. Describe reasons why sales promotion is needed (influence consumer decisions, encourage trial of new products, strengthen brand loyalty, influence consumer behavior)
2. Identify advertising media selection criteria (reach, frequency, lead time, cost).
2. Identify the five-step consumer decision-making process.
2. Explain the functions in marketing goods and services.
3. Identify the elements of the marketing mix (product, price, place, and promotion).
4. Describe the process for new product and service development.
5. Explain the rationale for extending product line.
6. Explain the functions of packaging.
7. Describe the importance of branding, packaging, and labeling.
8. Describe factors (features, benefits, price, quality, competition, brand loyalty) used by marketers to position products and services.
9. Identify and explain factors that influence a product’s price (cost, quality, competition, brand loyalty).
10. Demonstrate knowledge of basic advertising terms.
2. Describe product positioning strategies.
2. Recognize the various types of analyses that should be performed when creating an advertising plan.
2. Describe the purpose of other government regulatory agencies.
2. Explain the need for public relations.
2. Identify processes involved in the copywriting, art, and production stages of advertising.
3. Describe various methods used to evaluate advertising effectiveness.
4. Identify simple approaches to use in determining advertising effectiveness.
2. Describe how sponsorships can be used to make a connection with consumers.
2. Describe the financial reports a business can use for planning and operating the company.
3. Describe factors that affect the advertising budget.
4. Determine whether advertising spending generates brand awareness.
5. Identify the cost for different forms of advertising.
6. Explain the purpose of an advertising budget.
7. Explain rate of return on advertising investment.
2. Describe different types of consumer products.
2. Explain the process for selecting target markets.
2. Describe market segmentation categories.
3. Define demographics.
4. Explain how demographics influence advertising campaigns.
5. Differentiate between buying habits and buying preferences.
6. Explain how to select market segments that have market potential.
2. Explain the various levels of products and components that make up the product mix.
2. Describe real-world applications of the product life cycle.
2. Compare and contrast pricing strategies (price skimming, penetration pricing, competition pricing, supply and demand pricing).
2. Identify various distribution channel options (direct, indirect, multiple, nontraditional).
3. Describe the processes involved in supply chain management (purchasing, processing orders, warehousing and shipping, managing supply chain risks).
4. Identify factors that can influence supply chain decisions (international markets, outsourcing, digital distribution, eco-friendly practices).
5. Define logistics and explain its role in distribution.
6. Explain the importance of product storage, handling, and packaging in the distribution process.
2. Describe the benefits and limitations of marketing research.
3. Define primary and secondary market research.
2. Describe how to create effective advertising messages.
2. Describe careers in the advertising industry.
3. Determine characteristics necessary for a successful career in advertising.
4. Identify the skill set needed for a successful advertising career.
2. Explain what factors businesses should consider when using internet advertising (hits, page views, visits, unique visitors).
2. Recognize how consumers can regulate business practices.
2. Identify the skill set needed for a successful advertising career.
- Business Management & Administration
- Marketing, Sales, & Service